Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture
Bamboo growing areas in India
28% of area and 66% of growing stock of bamboo in NE region
   
20% of area and 12% of growing stock in MP & Chattisgarh
   
Availability of Bamboo
Growing Stock: 80.43 m MT, Collection: 13.5 m MT Area: 8.96 m ha
S No.
State/region
Area %
Growing stock %
1
North East
28.0
66
2
Madhya Pradesh
20.3
12
3
Maharashtra
9.9
5
4
Orissa
8.7
7
5
Andhra Pradesh
7.4
2
6
Karnataka
5.5
3
7
Others
20.2
5
 
Wood substitution Potential
India imported 20 mn. cu. mtr. Wood in 2000. Majority used for plywood
Demand of wood growing 10% p.a
Total imported value- Rs. 10,000 cr.
Over a time, if 10% wood substitution by bamboo, bamboo ply demand at 2 mn. cu. mtr. Valued at Rs. 1000 cr.
Value addition in raw bamboo- 2.5 times or total value of bamboo at Rs. 400 cr. Considering Rs. 30 per pole, total pole requirement 13 crores. If poles harvested per hectre is 1500 nos., total bamboo plantation area- 87,000 hectres.
 
Current Usage of Bamboo
  Paper
2.5 M T
  Internal Consumption
1.35 M T
  Scaffolding
3.40 M T
  Illegal exports to BD & Myanmar
1.7 M T
  Handicrafts
2.55 M T
    Miscellaneous
1.97 M T
 
BDA’s in NE India
Existing
Nagaland
Mizoram
Tripura Bamboo Mission
   
   
   
Under formation
Assam
Arunachal Pradesh
Sikkim
Meghalya
Manipur
   
 
The Market for Bamboo
Decorative and shuttering plywood, various board products such as block board, wafer board, strip board, laminated boards, roofing sheets
Earthquake-resistant and long-lasting conventional housing and buildings. Two-floored rural houses.
Improved roads, bridges, culverts, retaining walls
Water-tanks, biogas plants, telephone/electricity poles
Furniture; fuel-wood, charcoal and briquettes, active carbon
Matchsticks, agarbattis, toothpicks, skewer sticks, etc
Schooling: pencils, rulers, blackboards
Pulp and paper, particle board, MDF, handicrafts
Prevent landslides, soil and riverbank erosion
Bamboo shoots as food.
Activated Charcoal, Baskets,
Clothes racks, Desks, Eggcups, Flooring, Yurts and Zithers, Xylophones, Walls, Valiha, Umbrellas, Tables, Shoots,
River Bank Protection,
Paper Pulp, Oyster cultivation, Net floats, Musical instruments, Ladders, Kiosks, Jars,
Incense Sticks, House,
Grain storage